About Australia Country

Australia is the sixth-largest nation in the world and the largest nation in Oceania by area.


Capital                    : Canberra
Official languages  : None at the federal level

National language  : English

Religion                : Christianity 43.9%

                                  No Religion 38.9%

                                  Islam 3.2%

                                  Hinduism 2.7%

                                 Buddhism 2.4%

                                 Other 1.7%

                                 Unanswered 7.2%

Government         : Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy

  • Monarch   -  Charles III
  • Governor-General   - David Hurley
  • Prime Minister        -  Anthony Albanese
Legislature         - Parliament
  • Upper house   - Senate
  • Lower house   - House of Representatives
Area  :
  • Total     - 7,692,024Km2 (2,969,907 sq mi)
  • Water(%)  - 1.79
The migration of today's Aboriginal Australians from south-east Asia began during the last ice age around 65,000 years ago. Approximately 250 language groups and some of the world's most ancient religious and artistic traditions were established by European colonizers upon their arrival on the continent. They arrived by sea and settled the continent. Australia's documented history began with the first European voyage to the sea in 1606. The Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon is believed to have been the pioneer of maritime exploration in Australia. In 1770, James Cook, a British adventurer, charted and claimed the east coast of Australia for his nation. The establishment of the penal colony of New South Wales was made possible by the First Fleet of British ships that arrived in Sydney in 1788. The European population experienced a surge, leading to the settlement of most of the continent by the end of gold rush in the 1850s, and the establishment of five more independent British colonies.

The Australian mainland has been inhabited by Indigenous Australians for over 60 000 years. Following sporadic visits by northern fishermen and European explorers and traders from the seventeenth century, the British established their claim on the eastern half of the mainland in 1770 through penal transportation, and on January 26, 1788, officially accepted it as New South Wales' colony. The establishment of five more Crown Colonies over the next few decades was a result of population growth and exploration of new territories.




Only Australia possesses the entire continent. It is one of the largest nations on the planet. Despite the abundance of natural resources and fertile land in Australia, more than one-third of its land is desert.

The majority of Australian towns and farms can be found in the southwest and southeast, which are characterized by milder weather conditions. The northeast is home to extensive rain forests.
The country's biggest deserts, situated in the popular outback regions, are characterized by extreme heat, scarce water sources, and minimal vegetation.

Great Dividing Range circles around eastern and southeast edges of Australia. The water for the most important rivers in Australia and the world's largest source of groundwater, the Great Artesian Basin, is sourced from this 2,300-mile (3,700-kilometer) stretch of mountain.


A united, diverse nation 
With a diverse population of over 25 million people, Australia is home to individuals from various cultural backgrounds and religions.

For more than 60,000 years, the land has been in existence and owned by Australia's indigenous people.

More than 30% of people who live in Australia were born abroad. Although English is the official language, more than 300 languages are used in Australian homes.

The cultural landscape of Australia is characterized by its diversity, energy, creativity, and outward appearance.


Australian values 
Australians are frequently characterized as sociable, down to earth, upbeat, and resourceful. The Australian identity has always been associated with a sense of camaraderie and adherence to boundaries.

Our country's foundation is based on Australian values of respect, equality and freedom; these values are the basis for our prosperity, social cohesion, and shared future.

The Coat of Arms
In the Australian Commonwealth Coat of Arms, a shield featuring Australia's six state badges for federation is displayed with the national symbols of the Golden Wattle, the kangaro over the head, and the sob.


Science and technology
Australia invested 1 point79 percent of its GDP—or A$35.6 billion—in research and development in 2019. The Australian tech industry generates $167 billion in economic output annually and provides employment to 861,000 individuals, as per Accenture's recent study for the Tech Council. Australia is the country with the most prominent and influential mining industry, which continues to be the leading global player in technology adoption, including drones (including RCAVs), autonomous and remote-controlled vehicles, and mine management software. The Australian startup ecosystem is growing at a rate of 5.8 percent per year[citation needed], and the Sydney and Melbourne ecosystems are valued at $25 billion. Australia has consistently placed highly in the Global Innovation Index (GII). Australia dropped one spot from its position of 22nd in 2019 to 25th in 2022 among the 132 economies included in the GII 2022.

With a population of just 0.3 percent, Australia was one of the top 10 research contributors globally in 2020, contributing 4.1 percent of all published research. Ten percent of all research conducted in Australia is contributed by CSIRO, the nation's national science agency; the remaining 90 percent is completed by universities. Its most notable achievements include the creation of the first commercially successful polymer banknote, as well as the invention of atomic absorption spectroscopy and key elements of Wi-Fi technology.

Australia plays a significant role in promoting space exploration. NASA's deep space exploration missions are supported by ground stations like the Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex, radio telescopes like sq. Kilometre Array and Australia Telescope Compact array, and telescope systems such as Siding Spring Observatory.

Religion
In Australia, there is no state religion, and Section 116 of the Australian Constitution prohibits the federal government from legislating on matters related to the establishment, enforcement, or maintenance of religious practices.

In the 2021 Census, the percentage of individuals who identified as "non-religious" was 38 percent, which is a significant increase from the 15 percent in 2001. The majority of people (43.9%) follow Christianity as their religion, while the largest Christian denominations are the Roman Catholic Church (20% population) and the Anglican Church of Australia (98% population). The number of non-Christian religions has risen since the Second World War, with Islam (3.2 percent), Hinduism (2.7 percent) and Buddhism (2.4 percent each), Sikhism (0.88 percent%) and Judaisy (0.4 percent).

Just under 8,000 people identified as followers of traditional Aboriginal religions in 2021. The Dreaming is a sacred period in Australian Aboriginal mythology, where ancestral totem spirit beings were responsible for creating the Creation according to the animist framework established in Aboriginal Australia. The ceremonies that ensure the continuity of life and land, as well as the laws and social structures that govern people, were established by the Dreamin.


ADVANCE AUSTRALIA FAIR

Australians all let us rejoice,
For we are one and free;
We’ve golden soil and wealth for toil;
Our home is girt by sea;
Our land abounds in nature’s gifts
Of beauty rich and rare;
In history’s page, let every stage
Advance Australia Fair.
In joyful strains then let us sing,
Advance Australia Fair.

Beneath our radiant Southern Cross
We’ll toil with hearts and hands;
To make this Commonwealth of ours
Renowned of all the lands;
For those who’ve come across the seas
We’ve boundless plains to share;
With courage let us all combine
To Advance Australia Fair.
In joyful strains then let us sing,
Advance Australia Fair.









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